ICP is an injector control pressure sensor of 7.3-liter Powerstroke engines, which mounts in Ford super-duty trucks. The ICP sensor regulates the engine combustions by determining the fuel that is injected into the cylinders for air and fuel mixing.
7.3 Powerstroke ICP sensor failure symptoms include engine failures, excessive motor idling, misfiring of combustion cylinders, diagnostic codes, no power for ignition, excessive power surging, and no PCM response.
The dust particles, internal heat, and power fluctuations can damage the 7.3-liter Powerstroke ICP sensor. It is a small valve-like component and controls the fuel injection procedure for stabilized combustion.
What are the symptoms of 7.3 Powerstroke ICP sensor failure?
The internal pressure and excessive use can damage the ICP sensor, which leads to its intermittent efficiency. The following are a few significant symptoms of the 7.3-liter Powerstroke ICP sensor failure.
Sudden engine failures
One of the most significant symptoms of a failed 7.3-liter injector control pressure sensor is the failure of the engine. The failed sensor cannot regulate the fuel pressure through the fuel injectors and combustion cylinders.
In such circumstances, the engine can stop functioning and undergo failure anywhere on the road. Then, it does not start because the engine loses internal power.
As a result, you cannot drive the truck smoothly at variable speeds. Sudden engine breakdown is dangerous because it leads to accidents.
The 7.3-liter ICP sensor fails and immediately causes the failure of the engine. You can identify sudden engine breakdowns on your truck, which indicates the failure of the injector control pressure sensor.
In such circumstances, the engine cannot provide specific torque, which leads to failure. Blocking of fuel injection systems and moisture accumulation can damage this sensor, which causes engine breakdown.
Excessive motor idling
You can see excessive motor idling when the 7.3-liter Powerstroke ICP sensor fails. The rough and excessive idling leads to more engine damage, which reduces the speed and performance of the Ford super-duty trucks.
The idling of the motor reduces the smooth driving situations, which indicates the problems of the 7.3-liter injector control pressure sensor. The rotations per minute of the engine vary and lead to rough idling of the motor and truck.
Its range varies from 400 to 600 RPMs, which is low for the optimized engine efficiency. Reduced motor RPMs decrease the truck’s speed and indicate its failure on a 7.3L Powerstroke.
Moreover, the high internal heat of the motor can increase the rough idling and show sensor defects.
Misfiring of combustion cylinders
Malfunctioning electric wires and modified air and fuel ratios can damage the 7.3-liter ICP sensor. The failed sensor can cause engine cylinder misfires and excessive vibrations.
These vibrations during high-speed driving show the failure of the ICP sensor on the 7.3-liter Powerstroke engine. The fuel economy reduces from the threshold because the truck engine undergoes more pressure.
The motor consumes more fuel, and acceleration reduces from the optimized level. These are significant symptoms of ICP sensor failure on this high-performance 7.3L Powerstroke.
Its failure triggers the diagnostic codes on the truck display screen. These codes show the reduced performance of the engine fuel injection system.
A warning light blinks on the display and shows engine problems. However, the diagnostic codes are specific for the ICP sensor problems and failures.
The built-in computer system of the Ford Superduty pickup truck shows a P1211 diagnostic trouble code that indicates the malfunctioning of the injector control pressure sensor.
The code indicates the problems with the electrical system of the ICP system. It indicates the defects of the fuel pump, which can affect the injectors and modifies the combustions.
Also, the P1280 code appears when the fuel pressure reduces from the standard threshold. You can see P1281 when the pressure level increases above the threshold.
These codes show the problems of the injector control pressure sensor on the 7.3-liter Powerstroke. The OBD-II codes like P2286, P2284, P2287, and P2283 indicate the problems of the ICP sensor and its electric circuit.
No power for ignition
The engine suddenly loses power for starting when the injector control pressure sensor fails or malfunctions.
The engine can undergo cranking continuously but does not supply power for ignition. It does not start because of reduced internal fuel pressure.
The faulty sensor cannot stabilize the fuel pressure, which decreases the power for ignition, and you cannot start the truck. The ignition system and engine lose the connection when the ICP sensor fails.
The failed sensor cannot send power signals to the truck computer system for optimized pressure regulation.
The ignition system loses power, which shows the ICP sensor failure.
Excessive power surging
A significant symptom of 7.3-liter Powerstroke ICP failure is engine surging. The truck speed increases or decreases because the engine does not function at a standard efficiency level.
In such circumstances, you can push the acceleration pedal with a specific amount of pressure. However, the engine surging does not distribute the equivalent power to the wheels and ignition system of the truck.
The reduced connection between the acceleration system and the ignition of the engine shows the failure of the injector control pressure sensor.
The jerking and vibrations increase when the engine undergoes a power surge. In such circumstances, the internal power flow changes inside the engine, which decreases its efficiency.
No PCM response
The ICP sensor of the 7.3-liter Powerstroke sends the pressure control signals to the powertrain control module (PCM) of the Ford super-duty truck.
The PCM is the computer of the pickup truck that controls the engine and fuel injection system. The powertrain control module does not regulate the fuel pressure in the injectors, which changes the acceleration and engine performance.
Therefore, the variable combustions and no PCM response are significant symptoms of ICP sensor failure. The PCM does not receive the pressure-controlling signals when the sensor malfunctions.
Then, the computer system does not send the signals to the engine, and reduced monitoring shows the sensor defects. The reduced PCM efficiency decreases the truck’s efficiency because the engine does not function properly.
The oil pressure varies when PCM does not monitor the built-in truck engine. However, all of these are primary indications of ICP sensor defects.
How to fix symptoms of 7.3 Powerstroke ICP sensor failure?
You can fix the 7.3-liter Powerstroke ICP sensor failure symptoms by inspecting the engine and examining the codes. Checking the sensor for oil leaks is better for inspecting its performance and stability.
However, replacing the malfunctioning sensor can fix all the symptoms of its failure. You can find it on the engine cylinder head, which is on the driver’s side of the pickup truck.
It is present near the high-pressure oil pump inside the truck hood. Remove the battery terminals and cut the power flow.
Removing the connector of the pigtail is essential after removing the battery cables. Remove the retainers and plastic clips manually with a little effort.
Putting a 5/8 inches wrench is better on the retaining clip and pulls it off. Lubrication of the O-rings is essential for their optimized efficiency and removal.
Remove the old O-ring and fit a new one after lubricating it with a specific oil. Applying high-quality dielectric grease is essential around the terminals of old and damaged ICP sensors and removing them.
You can install the new pigtail connector in the specific mounting position. Then, installing a new and compatible ICP sensor is better and fixes it with the retaining clip.
You can tighten the clip with the wrench for maximum protection. However, replacing the ICP sensor on a 7.3-liter Powerstroke consumes 10 to 15 minutes.
It can cost you around $100 to $220, and expense varies according to the type of workshop and condition of the engine.