ABS stands for the anti-lock braking system, and it is the safety feature usually present in all types of vehicles. It enhances stability and control during the application of brakes in buses. It works with a wheel speed sensor, control module, and hydraulic system.
Do Buses Have ABS? Buses have ABS to ensure safety on roads, compliance with safety regulations, better stability of the steering wheel, reduced risk of tire damage, and stable driving. Most of the school and passenger buses have this safety feature. Moreover, the government announced that vehicles that have been manufactured after 2015 should have an anti-lock braking system.
The number of accidents on the roads is increasing day by day. In addition, most of these accidental cases are of larger buses and trucks because of the locking of their wheels. These can collide with smaller vehicles on the road because of the slipping of their tires.
Why do buses have ABS?
Anti-lock braking systems of buses rely heavily on the speed sensors mounted on their wheels. These sensors transfer the information to the control module, which eventually controls the brake pressure on each wheel and prevents them from skidding.
Ensure safety on roads
Anti-lock braking system has been introduced in buses to enhance the safety of the driver and passenger on the road. In addition, the safety feature is specially designed to decrease the chances of a collision on the road.
Roads become slippery during the rainy season because of water on the road. It creates a layer between the road surface and the tires. Tires cannot maintain traction with the road surface because of a water layer.
The skidding chances increase when you apply brakes because tires cannot maintain contact with the road. ABS reduces the skidding chances and prevents the wheels from locking up by equally distributing the hydraulic pressure on all wheels.
Roads in the rainy season also become slippery because of the mixing of oil and water. The safety feature is also beneficial when you are moving on inclined surfaces.
It prevents the tires from slipping and locking up while moving downward. Tires remain moving, and you can easily apply brakes without the risk of skidding and collision with other cars.
Tire skidding chances also increase when you are moving on snowy roads. The Anti-lock braking system prevents the wheel from locking up on snowy roads and maintains traction with the road when you suddenly apply brakes.
Compliance with safety regulations
Many safety regulations have made it mandatory for all buses to have anti-lock braking systems to ensure the safety of other cars and passengers on the roads and highways.
It is an effective safety feature to reduce the risk of accidents that usually occur during front and back collisions.
Yesterday, I was driving on the highway, and I saw a fast-moving bus collide with an SUV because of a slipping wheel on the road. However, it was a minor backside collision, and all passengers and drivers were safe, and few people got minor injuries.
They have this safety feature to ensure compliance with their particular states’ safety rules and regulations.
Better stability over the steering wheel
Drivers cannot maintain the steering wheel’s stability when the buses’ wheels lock up during brake application.
You cannot effectively steer the steering wheel even during emergency braking conditions. An Anti-lock braking system enhances the stability of the steering wheel by protecting the tires from locking up and maintaining the stability of the steering wheel.
It allows easy maneuverability of the steering wheel in different directions to avoid collisions and reduce the risk of accidents on the roads. It also gives drivers better control over the steering wheel during brake application.
Reduce the risk of tire damages
Skidding and locking up issues are damaging for wheels and increase the chances of their wear and tear. It damages the rubber material when drivers accelerate their buses to move forward.
Excessive force on the tires to move forward can damage their rubber material. It creates flat spots on tires, which decreases their average lifespan.
ABS helps enhance the tires’ safety and protect them from unnecessary damage by reducing the risk of wheels locking up and skidding chances.
In addition, it is also beneficial to decrease maintenance costs and keep the vehicle operating for a longer period without any potential damages.
ABS helps maintain the overall stability of the buses on different roads. It allows the tires to maintain their traction on different terrains.
They cannot lose control while moving on slippery, wet, uneven surfaces. It protects the tires from locking up while moving on uneven surfaces where traction is challenging to maintain.
It allows the driver to maintain stability and control while braking on even road surfaces where tires encounter different friction levels.
Shorten braking distance
Anti-lock braking systems reduce the braking distance, which is a significant contributor to decreasing road accidents. However, the braking distance of the larger vehicles is more because of their size and weight.
ABS safety features reduce their braking distance because of the presence of an effective braking system. Skidding indirectly increases the stopping distance because locked-up tires take longer.
It distributes equal hydraulic pressure on each wheel, and they can stop quickly when you apply brakes in emergency situations.
It prevents the locking up of tires, and eventually, buses take less time to stop.
How can you tell if your bus is equipped with ABS brakes?
ABS is the high-end safety feature that is present in new models of all buses. The computerized feature keeps the tires from locking up during challenging braking conditions.
You can check the certification label to identify the presence of the safety system. In addition, larger vehicles equipped with anti-lock braking systems also contain yellow malfunctioning lamps to warn drivers of faulty components.
It is helpful to alert the drivers on the road when any of their components are faulty and not functioning correctly.
How should you apply brakes in a bus with ABS brakes?
You do not need any specialized method to brake in a bus equipped with ABS safety features. Press the brake pedal as you usually do to apply the brakes.
Apply the braking force that is necessary to stop while maintaining their stability. Moreover, you have to brake in the same manner regardless of the presence of an anti-lock braking system in your vehicle.
In addition, avoid pumping on brakes during emergencies. It is necessary to slow down your bus and then monitor it to back off the brakes because it is helpful to maintain stability and control.
When did ABS come in buses?
All buses are not equipped with ABS because it depends on their model and manufacturing company. However, in some states of America, it is necessary to add an anti-lock braking system in all smaller and larger vehicles.
The vehicles in these particular states have the safety features to comply with their state’s local rules and regulations. In addition, the government ordered to add the ABS system to all larger automobiles.
Vehicles launched after April 2015 should have this safety feature, which is the major contributor to the decrease in road accidents and high-force collisions.
The government is taking preventive measures and making rules and regulations because road safety is their primary concern. In addition, it allows the drivers to maintain control over the steering wheel during emergency braking conditions.
What type of buses are equipped with ABS?
School buses often have an anti-lock braking system because the safety of children is a significant concern.
It is necessary to make these vehicles safe and secure because it is necessary for children’s safety and to gain their parents’ trust.
In addition, it is also present in larger passenger buses that provide accommodation for more than 10 passengers. It is helpful to improve the overall safety of the people by preventing the tires from slipping.